Etymology (the study of the history of words)
From Middle English frende, frend, freond, from Old English frēond (“friend, relative, lover”, literally “loving-[one]”), from Proto-Germanic frijōndz (“lover, friend”), from Proto-Indo-European prēy-, prāy- (“to like, love”). Cognate with West Frisian freon, froen, freondinne (“friend”), Dutch vriend (“friend”), Low German frund, fründ (“friend, relative”), German Freund (“friend”), Danish frænde (“kinsman”), Swedish frände (“kinsman, relative”), Icelandic frændi (“kinsman”).
Noun (a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.)
- A person other than a family member, spouse or lover whose company one enjoys and towards whom one feels affection. John and I have been friends ever since we were roommates at college. Trust is important between friends. I used to find it hard to make friends when I was shy.
- A boyfriend or girlfriend.
- An associate who provides assistance. The Automobile Association is every motorist’s friend. The police is every law abiding citizen’s friend.
- A person with whom one is vaguely or indirectly acquainted a friend of a friend I added him as a friend on Facebook, but I hardly know him.
- A person who backs or supports something. I’m not a friend of cheap wine.
- An object or idea that can be used for good. Google is your friend.
- Used as a form of address when warning someone. You’d better watch it, friend.
- In object-oriented programming, a function or class granted special access to the private and protected members of another class.
- A paramour of either sex.
Synonyms (words with the same or similar meanings)
- (person whose company one enjoys): bud (US,
), buddy (US, Canada ), chum (British), mate (British), pal, crony, amigo, bro Canada
- (boyfriend or girlfriend): boyfriend, girlfriend, lover
- (person with whom you are acquainted): acquaintance
- (person who provides assistance): ally
- (person who backs something): admirer, booster, champion, protagonist, supporter
- (form of address used in warning someone): buster, mate (British), pal, buddy
Friendship part 1
Friendship is a relationship of mutual affection between two or more people. Friendship is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship has been studied in academic fields such as sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and philosophy. Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory, equity theory, relational dialectics, and attachment styles. A World Happiness Database study found that people with close friendships are happier.
Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are present in many types of friendship. Such characteristics include affection, sympathy, empathy, honesty, altruism, mutual understanding and compassion, enjoyment of each other's company, trust, and the ability to be oneself, express one's feelings, and make mistakes without fear of judgment from the friend. While there is no practical limit on what types of people can form a friendship, friends tend to share common backgrounds, occupations, or interests, and have similar demographics.
to be continued