Friday, May 31, 2013

BLOND chapter VI

Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jeane Mortenson; June 1, 1926 – August 5, 1962) was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the 1950s and early 1960s.

After spending much of her childhood in foster homes, Monroe began a career as a model, which led to a film contract in 1946 with Twentieth Century-Fox. Her early film appearances were minor, but her performances in The Asphalt Jungle and All About Eve (both 1950), drew attention. By 1952 she had her first leading role in Don't Bother to Knock and 1953 brought a lead in Niagara, a melodramatic film noir that dwelt on her seductiveness. Her "dumb blonde" persona was used to comic effect in subsequent films such as Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953) and The Seven Year Itch (1955). Limited by typecasting, Monroe studied at the Actors Studio to broaden her range. Her dramatic performance in Bus Stop (1956) was hailed by critics and garnered a Golden Globe nomination. Her production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions, released The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), for which she received a BAFTA Award nomination and won a David di Donatello award. She received a Golden Globe Award for her performance in Some Like It Hot (1959). Monroe's last completed film was The Misfits (1961), co-starring Clark Gable with screenplay by her then-husband, Arthur Miller.

The final years of Monroe's life were marked by illness, personal problems, and a reputation for unreliability and being difficult to work with. The circumstances of her death, from an overdose of barbiturates, have been the subject of conjecture. Though officially classified as a "probable suicide", the possibility of an accidental overdose, as well as of homicide, have not been ruled out. In 1999, Monroe was ranked as the sixth-greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute. In the decades following her death, she has often been cited as both a pop and a cultural icon as well as the quintessential American sex symbol. In 2009, TV Guide Network named her No. 1 in Film's Sexiest Women of All Time.

The life of Marilyn Monroe knows many variations. Her official website,, seems to hold the most flourishing version, here is no mention of the possible incest or neglect by her alcoholic mother. On other websites such as, and in some biographies, this is called forward. There are many different versions about why Marilyn married her childhood sweetheart, and there are numerous theories surrounding her death. Even her name seems to be ambiguous, on one website they called Norma Jeane Baker, on the other Norma Jean Mortensen. It is said that Monroe was Marilyn's middle name, others say it was the name of her grandmother, or mother. This shows that a clear biographical story about Marilyn Monroe writing is more difficult than it seems. The following biography is based on the following two books: Movie Icons: Marilyn Monroe Duncan in 2006 and Marilyn: Life of a Legend Evans in 2004.

That biographies do not always agree apparent when you compare the two books together. In Duncans Movie Icons: Marilyn Monroe in 2006 called Marilyn's mother Gladys Monroe example, in Evans Marilyn: Life of a legend  from 2004 called her mother Gladys Baker. In Evans (2004) also reported that Marilyn lived here in 1933 with her ​​mother while she lived. Before that time in foster care Around 1935 Marilyn than a few years living with a friend of her mother, before she marries shortly after obtaining her high school diploma with her ​​neighbor. Duncan (2006), however, regarded the years 1926 to 1942 as a period in which Marilyn staying in foster care, a period in which they escaped by marrying her. Neighbor James Dougherty Marilyn was just 16 years old. Exist only for the first 16 years of the life of Marilyn Monroe as seen many different stories. Both on the Internet and in books is therefore not entirely clear how her life really has expired. Therefore, the main features described in this biography mainly of her life the things that both books agree on.

The young Norma Jeane Baker
In Los Angeles, California, is 1926 Norma Jean (e) Mortenson was born on June 1. Since the identity of her father is unknown, the girl later renamed Norma Jeane Baker, her mother, Gladys Baker. Gladys Baker was shortly after the birth of her daughter admitted to an asylum because of problems with her mental health. This she also lost her job. Norma Jean (e) brought this as well as her entire childhood in foster homes, until they just graduated from high school on June 19, 1942, and only 16 years, marries her neighbor, James Dougherty. Around 1944 works Norma Jean (e) a time on the assembly line for the Radio Plane Company in Burbank, before starting to work as a model. In June 1946 Norma Jean (e) requires the separation of Dougerty to. Shortly after following her first screen test with the film company 20th Century Fox (Fox). If they sign a contract with this company, they do so under the name 'Marilyn Monroe'. In both 2006 and Duncan Evans 2004 there is no agreement the origin of its new name, it was a family name, or the name was coined by a movie agent?

Marilyn Monroe
First Marilyn Monroe appears in the film Scudda-Hoo! Scudda-Hay! in 1947. Because Fox does not renew her contract, Marilyn signed in 1948 with the film company Columbia Pictures, but this contract is not extended. In the same year met Marilyn movie agent Johnny Hyde, who accompanies her in 1950 from then until his death, and that Monroe put on the map as a movie star. In 1949 Marilyn posed nude for a calendar of Tom Kelly, an image that will be world famous. Later Her breakthrough film follows the same year, The Asphalt Jungle , a film by MGM. After her role in All About Eve draws Marilyn, just before Hyde died in 1950, again a movie contract with Fox. Marilyn Monroe is becoming better known and more popular, partly because magazines articles are devoted to her and she reaches an Oscar at the Academy Awards.
In the year 1952 Marilyn married again, this time with the world-famous baseball player Joe Dimaggio. In the same year it creates a scandal surrounding her previous nude calendar, and Marilyn plays the lead role in the film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes . Her career is starting to get off the ground and although they suspended in 1954 by her film company 20th Century Fox, she holds a series of concerts in Korea for American soldiers. In 1954 Marilyn plays in the film that perhaps has the most famous image of the movie star, the scene of billowing white dress in the film The Seven Year Itch. Two years after her second marriage, the separation of Monroe and Dimaggio consummated. In 1955 Marilyn then starts an acting training, and she founded her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions. And again it is suspended by Fox film company. However, there is again concluded a contract between Fox and Marilyn Monroe in 1956. She also married in this year for the third time, this time with Arthur Miller, a famous playwright. In the same year Marilyn gets her first miscarriage. In 1957, according to Evans (2004) a pregnancy aborted and the story circulating on the Internet than twelve times Marilyn has had an abortion. Duncan (2006) report that only Marilyn in a period of three years ('56-'58) three times miscarried. The following year, in 1959, the film Some Like It Hot came out.

In 1960, Marilyn has a nervous breakdown while she is shooting for her new film The Misfits. The following year, following the separation of Arthur Miller. Where Evans (2004) mentions her admission to a psychiatric clinic, beats Duncan (2006) over this period. Marilyn Monroe met Robert Kennedy in 1961, and President JF Kennedy. In 1962 she sang at Madison Square Garden the song 'Happy Birthday' to President JF Kennedy, official recordings of this are still to be found on YouTube. Again this year there are problems with film company Fox, Marilyn is dismissed for breach of contract, but a few weeks later rehired at a higher salary. The filming of the movie (with the significant title) Something's Gotta Give resumes. Four August 1962 is the last day that Marilyn Monroe is seen alive. Surrounding her death is much speculation, so she would be commissioned by the Kennedys, given the suspected affair that Marilyn had with both President JF Kennedy and Robert Kennedy killed.

Marilyn Monroe died at the age of 36 from an overdose.
On August 5, 1962 is known that Marilyn Monroe died, and that it is assumed that they are committed by an overdose to take medications. Suicide It is never entirely clear whether Marilyn really committed suicide or that she overdosed on pills has swallowed accidentally. Marlilyn Monroe is buried in Westwood Memorial Park Cemetery three days later.

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