Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly known as
The name Bollywood is a contraction of
and Bombay . Hollywood has the largest film industry in
the world, measured by the number of films produced. People from around the
world are acting and working in Bollywood. However, unlike India ,
Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Though some deplore the name,
arguing that it makes the industry look like a poor cousin to Hollywood , it has
its own entry in the Oxford English Dictionary. Hollywood
Bollywood is formally referred to as Hindi cinema. There has been a growing presence of Indian English in dialogue and songs as well. It is common to see films that feature dialogue with English words (also known as Hinglish), phrases, or even whole sentences.
The films produced are mostly in Hindi spoken, although English subtitles are usual. The films are generally lively musicals that are timeless tales of love and turmoil, they are big crowd pullers. Outside
enjoy the films popularity, especially with the substantial
diaspora of the subcontinent. India
Movies from Bollywood have their own internal logic and can be as surreal as musicals from American or European studios. Songs from Bollywood movies are generally pre-recorded by professional playback singers, with the actors then lip synching the words to the song on-screen, often while dancing. Lately there is a new trend that the actor sing them self.
The increasing visibility and greater audience numbers, some Bollywood movies on fairly large budgets arches, making them famous film sets can be used, such as Hatfield House and Blenheim Palace in the United Kingdom .
The majority of the films can be divided into the following types:
- The Hindu mythology, are hereby epic stories filmed.
- Old stories from the Sanskrit.
- Indian theater that are filmed.
- Modern stories, often romantic comedies.
Sometimes it also remakes of
Hollywoodmovies and can there be plagiarism.
The history of Bollywood goes back to 1913, when the film Raja Harishchandra was recorded. In the 30s, the industry has grown so much that some 200 films a year were produced. The first movie with sound was Alam Ara in 1931. The first colour film, titled Kisan Kanya was in 1937 incorporated.
In the 70's and 80 were many action films released, including many so-called Curry Westerns. An example is the western Sholay, which is seen as the most successful Indian film ever. In the 90s , the focus again more on the romance .
Late 20th century, the film industry in Bollywood caught up by the production of television programs and video games. At the same time it was interesting to budget friendly alternatives to look outside
, for location shooting but also in
new studios, in various other Indian cities. Bombay
At the beginning of the 21st century the Bollywood movies also break through in
Europe, especially where many Indian and
Pakistani immigrants settled (mainly in the ). UK