"When I'm Sixty-Four" is a song by the Beatles,
written by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon–McCartney) and released in 1967
on their album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.
The song is sung by a young man to his lover, and is
about his plans of growing old together with her. Although the theme is ageing,
it was one of the first songs McCartney wrote, when he was 16. It was on the
Beatles playlist in their early days as a song to perform when their amplifiers
broke down or the electricity went off. Both George Martin and Mark Lewisohn
speculated that McCartney may have thought of the song when recording began for
Sgt. Pepper in December 1966 because his father turned 64 earlier that year.
Lennon said of the song,"Paul wrote it in the Cavern days. We just stuck a few
more words on it like 'grandchildren on your knee' and 'Vera, Chuck and Dave'
... this was just one that was quite a hit with us." In his 1980 interview for Playboy he
said,"I would never even dream of writing a song like
A retirement home
– sometimes called an old people's home
or old age home, although this term
can also refer to a nursing home – is a multi-residence housing facility intended
for senior citizens. Typically, each person or couple in the home has an
apartment-style room or suite of rooms. Additional facilities are provided
within the building. This can include facilities for meals, gatherings,
recreation activities, and some form of health or hospice care. A place in a
retirement home can be paid for on a rental basis, like an apartment, or can be
bought in perpetuity on the same basis as a condominium.
A retirement home differs from a nursing home primarily
in the level of medical care given. Retirement communities, unlike retirement
homes, offer separate and autonomous homes for residents.
Retirement is the point where a person stops employment
completely. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours.
An increasing number of individuals are choosing to put
off this point of total retirement, by selecting to exist in the emerging state
Many people choose to retire when they are eligible for
private or public pension benefits, although some are forced to retire when
physical conditions no longer allow the person to work any longer (by illness
or accident) or as a result of legislation concerning their position. In most
countries, the idea of retirement is of recent origin, being introduced during
the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Previously, low life expectancy and the
absence of pension arrangements meant that most workers continued to work until
death. Germany was the first country to introduce retirement, in 1889.
Nowadays, most developed countries have systems to
provide pensions on retirement in old age, which may be sponsored by employers
and/or the state. In many poorer countries, support for the old is still mainly
provided through the family. Today, retirement with a pension is considered a
right of the worker in many societies, and hard ideological, social, cultural
and political battles have been fought over whether this is a right. In many
western countries this right is mentioned in national constitutions.
Life after retirement
Retirement might coincide with important life changes; a
retired worker might move to a new location, for example a retirement
community, thereby having less frequent contact with their previous social
context and adopting a new lifestyle. Often retirees volunteer for charities
and other community organizations. Tourism is a common marker of retirement and
for some becomes a way of life, such as for so-called grey nomads. Some retired
people even choose to go and live in warmer climates in what is known as
It has been found that Americans have six lifestyle
choices as they age: continuing to work full-time, continuing to work
part-time, retiring from work and becoming engaged in a variety of leisure
activities, retiring from work and becoming involved in a variety of
recreational and leisure activities, retiring from work and later returning to
work part-time, and retiring from work and later returning to work
full-time. An important note to make from these lifestyle definitions are
that four of the six involve working. America is facing an important
demographic change in that the Baby Boomer generation is now reaching
retirement age. This poses two challenges: whether there will be a sufficient
number of skilled workers in the work force, and whether the current pension
programs will be sufficient to support the growing number of retired people.
The reasons that some people choose to never retire, or to return to work after
retiring include not only the difficulty of planning for retirement but also wages
and fringe benefits, expenditure of physical and mental energy, production of
goods and services, social interaction, and social status may interact to
influence an individual’s work force participation decision.
Often retirees are called upon to care for grandchildren
and occasionally aged parents. For many it gives them more time to devote to a
hobby or sport such as golf or sailing. On the other hand, many retirees feel
restless and suffer from depression as a result of their new situation. Although
it is not scientifically possible to directly show that retirement either
causes or contributes to depression, the newly retired are one of the most
vulnerable societal groups when it comes to depression most likely due to
confluence of increasing age and deteriorating health status. Retirement
coincides with deterioration of one's health that correlates with increasing
age and this likely plays a major role in increased rates of depression in
retirees. Longitudinal and cross-sectional studies have shown that healthy
elderly and retired people are as happy or happier and have an equal quality of
life as they age as compared to younger employed adults, therefore retirement
in and of itself is not likely to contribute to development of depression.
Many people in the later years of their lives, due to
failing health, require assistance, sometimes in extremely expensive treatments
– in some countries – being provided in a nursing home. Those who need care,
but are not in need of constant assistance, may choose to live in a retirement